The main purpose of this inventory is to serve as a reference to help stakeholders working in the pharmaceutical sector easily access and use already available SIAPS resources, including tools, experiences, and results. The document is also intended to serve as a technical legacy for SIAPS to support knowledge exchange and sustainability of related work. The inventory is organized around the key program technical intervention areas as defined previously by the program. The document captures all key tools/approaches used by SIAPS (whether produced by SIAPS, a predecessor program, or a partner); selected country experiences in the form of technical reports or relevant materials; and other materials such as presentations, publications, technical briefs, and success stories that capture some of the results achieved by SIAPS.
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Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program Inventory of Key Technical Resources
SIAPS final report showcases achievements across 46 countries. Interventions are described by intermediate results and health areas and demonstrate how SIAPS successfully worked with a range of stakeholders, including Ministries of Health, to bolster pharmaceutical systems and address country-specific needs.
The SIAPS-developed AMR coalition-based strategy identifies educational institutions, such as UNAM; therapeutic committees (TCs); and key institutions involved in AMR, such as the National Institute of Pathology (NIP) as key players in the pre- and in-service training of health care professionals to enhance RMU and combat AMR. SIAPS collaborated with key institutions, including the MoHSS, Div:PhSs, UNAM-SOM, UNAM-SOP, NIP, and TCs in the Kunene and Karas regions, in activities to reduce hospital-acquired infections (HAIs); improve infection prevention and control (IPC); and promote RMU in Namibia.
According to the World Health Organization, many countries spend 30–40% of their health care budgets on medicines and medical commodities, and a significant amount of the funds are wasted because of irrational medicines use and inefficiencies in stock management due to lack of skills. Other serious problems that health care organizations face include the overuse of antimicrobials, which increases the risks of antimicrobial resistance, leads to increased adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and results in considerably higher costs associated with drug use. Training pharmacy personnel on proper handling of medicines can help improve the proper handling and dispensing of medicines, rational use of medicines, and adherence to treatment to improve patient health outcomes. The primary objective of the HIV/TB pharmaceutical management and supply chain training was to develop the skills of the pharmacy personnel on proper management of HIV and TB medicines in health facilities.
SIAPS Final Report showcases achievements across 46 countries. Interventions are described by intermediate results and health areas and demonstrate how SIAPS successfully worked with a range of stakeholders, including Ministries of Health, to bolster pharmaceutical systems and address country-specific needs.
This policy guidance document is divided into 13 different areas:
- Country policy development
- Revised program guidelines, Essential Medicines List (EML), and reporting and recording forms
- Training of health workers and community partners (community health worker/relais)
- ACSM strategies
- Forecasting and quantification
- Health system strengthening
- Quality and safety
- Monitoring and evaluation
As part of World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2017, we present a Q&A with Mohan P. Joshi, MBBS, MSc, MD, SIAPS principal technical advisor. Dr. Joshi is responsible for providing technical guidance and support in the planning and implementation of rational medicine use and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)-related activities. Are there new AMR threats that are particularly worrying? […]
Supporting drug and therapeutics committees in Sierra Leone to promote safe, appropriate medicine use
Irrational medicine use and poor pharmaceutical management at all levels are widespread problems in many developing countries, including Sierra Leone. Misuse, underuse, and overuse of medicines; weak systems that compromise medicine safety; the waste of scarce resources due to expiry; and the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are particularly worrying because they directly affect health outcomes. Because of a lack of sound data for decision making, health workers may need to select products for medicines lists, supply, and prescribing based on observation and preferences. SIAPS is facilitating the selection of appropriate, safe products to be procured and used at different levels of the public health system. Promoting rational medicine use cuts down on waste, improves health outcomes, and helps prevent the spread of AMR.
The availability of a unified essential medicines list (EML) with evidence-based clinical efficacy to be used by the Ministry of Health (MOH) for the state-guaranteed package of services is an essential part of the successful launch of the health care reform initiative in Ukraine. This required the development and institutionalization of a process to ensure sustainability into the future rather than a one-off list of essential medicines. The main task of SIAPS was the provision of technical assistance to the Government of Ukraine to solve the problem of medicines list harmonization, which was needed to review and update the NEML to be the sole list for procurement or reimbursement with public funds, and to develop legislative documentation to institutionalize the process. The work was performed in cooperation with the MOH and the State Expert Center.
SIAPS received two years of funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in September 2015 to provide technical assistance to rebuild and strengthen the post-Ebola pharmaceutical supply chain management system and improve the supply chain and rational medicine use in Sierra Leone. To support these goals, SIAPS provides technical assistance for systems strengthening activities including governance and leadership, supply chain management and information for decision making.
- The Use of Pharmaceutical Information for Decision Making in Namibia's National ART Program: Assessment Report
SIAPS conducted this assessment to determine the extent to which pharmaceutical information generated from the Electronic Dispensing Tool (EDT) and […]
The Directorate of Drugs and Medical Supplies (DDMS) plays a key role in providing technical guidance and setting strategic direction […]
- Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program Inventory of Key Technical Resources
The main purpose of this inventory is to serve as a reference to help stakeholders working in the pharmaceutical sector […]