SIAPS final report showcases achievements across 46 countries. Interventions are described by intermediate results and health areas and demonstrate how SIAPS successfully worked with a range of stakeholders, including Ministries of Health, to bolster pharmaceutical systems and address country-specific needs.
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According to the World Health Organization, many countries spend 30–40% of their health care budgets on medicines and medical commodities, and a significant amount of the funds are wasted because of irrational medicines use and inefficiencies in stock management due to lack of skills. Other serious problems that health care organizations face include the overuse of antimicrobials, which increases the risks of antimicrobial resistance, leads to increased adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and results in considerably higher costs associated with drug use. Training pharmacy personnel on proper handling of medicines can help improve the proper handling and dispensing of medicines, rational use of medicines, and adherence to treatment to improve patient health outcomes. The primary objective of the HIV/TB pharmaceutical management and supply chain training was to develop the skills of the pharmacy personnel on proper management of HIV and TB medicines in health facilities.
SIAPS Final Report showcases achievements across 46 countries. Interventions are described by intermediate results and health areas and demonstrate how SIAPS successfully worked with a range of stakeholders, including Ministries of Health, to bolster pharmaceutical systems and address country-specific needs.
This policy guidance document is divided into 13 different areas:
- Country policy development
- Revised program guidelines, Essential Medicines List (EML), and reporting and recording forms
- Training of health workers and community partners (community health worker/relais)
- ACSM strategies
- Forecasting and quantification
- Health system strengthening
- Quality and safety
- Monitoring and evaluation
As part of World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2017, we present a Q&A with Mohan P. Joshi, MBBS, MSc, MD, SIAPS principal technical advisor. Dr. Joshi is responsible for providing technical guidance and support in the planning and implementation of rational medicine use and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)-related activities. Are there new AMR threats that are particularly worrying? […]
Supporting drug and therapeutics committees in Sierra Leone to promote safe, appropriate medicine use
Irrational medicine use and poor pharmaceutical management at all levels are widespread problems in many developing countries, including Sierra Leone. Misuse, underuse, and overuse of medicines; weak systems that compromise medicine safety; the waste of scarce resources due to expiry; and the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are particularly worrying because they directly affect health outcomes. Because of a lack of sound data for decision making, health workers may need to select products for medicines lists, supply, and prescribing based on observation and preferences. SIAPS is facilitating the selection of appropriate, safe products to be procured and used at different levels of the public health system. Promoting rational medicine use cuts down on waste, improves health outcomes, and helps prevent the spread of AMR.
The availability of a unified essential medicines list (EML) with evidence-based clinical efficacy to be used by the Ministry of Health (MOH) for the state-guaranteed package of services is an essential part of the successful launch of the health care reform initiative in Ukraine. This required the development and institutionalization of a process to ensure sustainability into the future rather than a one-off list of essential medicines. The main task of SIAPS was the provision of technical assistance to the Government of Ukraine to solve the problem of medicines list harmonization, which was needed to review and update the NEML to be the sole list for procurement or reimbursement with public funds, and to develop legislative documentation to institutionalize the process. The work was performed in cooperation with the MOH and the State Expert Center.
SIAPS received two years of funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in September 2015 to provide technical assistance to rebuild and strengthen the post-Ebola pharmaceutical supply chain management system and improve the supply chain and rational medicine use in Sierra Leone. To support these goals, SIAPS provides technical assistance for systems strengthening activities including governance and leadership, supply chain management and information for decision making.
Supportive Supervision and Mentorship Site Visit for Pharmacy Services in the Shiselweni Region, Swaziland
With support from SIAPS and in collaboration with other development partners, the Central Medical Stores (CMS) conducts supportive supervision and mentorship (SSM) visits to health facilities. Through these visits, the capacity of health personnel is built to effectively manage pharmaceuticals and services, improve the rational use of pharmaceuticals, and strengthen supply chain management at all levels of health care delivery.
Inefficient and irrational use of medicines is a well-documented problem in both developed and developing countries. It leads to cost increases and adverse clinical effects for patients. The inappropriate use of medicine can be reduced if health care professionals involved in the different aspects of medicine use promote good practices for medicine management and use. An appropriate forum for the development and implementation of medicine policies is the Drug and Therapeutics Committee (DTC).
In Mozambique, the establishment of hospital DTCs was officially requested by the Ministério da Saúde (MISAU) (Ministry of Health) in the document The Departamento de Farmacia Hospitalar (DFH) (Department of Hospital Pharmacy) in the Direcção Nacional de Assistência Médica (National Directorate of Medical Assistance) of MISAU also took on the establishment of hospital DTCs as a priority intervention to improve the appropriate use of medicines at the hospital level. SIAPS has provided technical assistance to assist hospitals in establishing DTCs to improve medicine use, and in the collection and analysis of medicine use information for decision making as part of its support to counterparts in the pharmaceutical sector.
The Directorate for Drugs and Medical Supplies (DDMS) plays a key role in providing technical guidance and setting strategic direction […]
In November 2016, SIAPS offered technical assistance to DPMED to optimize the current medicine registration system, potentially by using the […]
- Therapeutics Information and Pharmacovigilance Centre's Analysis of Spontaneous Adverse Events due to Antiretroviral and Other Medicines
The use of antiretrovirals (ARVs) in combination for treating patients with HIV has greatly ameliorated morbidity and mortality by reducing […]