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Improving Infection Prevention and Control Practices at Health Facilities in Resource-Limited Settings: SIAPS Technical Report

Infection prevention and control (IPC) is essential to reduce the spread of health facility-acquired (nosocomial) infections, including drug-resistant ones.

The USAID-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program’s goal in global technical assistance in IPC is to reduce the development and spread of nosocomial infections and antimicrobial resistance. This contributes to an improved quality of patient care and safety in public health facilities in resource-constrained countries.

This report summarizes key accomplishments and lessons learned in implementing SIAPS’ approach to improving IPC practices in four countries: South Africa, Namibia, Jordan, and Ethiopia. All activities address SIAPS’s overall objective to build or enhance national and facility capacity to develop, implement, and monitor IPC programs by focusing on the principles of health systems strengthening.

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Health Facility Assessment on Availability of the 13 Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Commodities Prioritized by the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children

Every day, about 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Although great strides have been made in reducing global child mortality, newborns now account for 44% of all childhood deaths. Ethiopia contributes to more than 4% of all global maternal deaths, which were estimated at 1,300 in 2013. In 2010, the UN Secretary-General’s Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health highlighted the suffering of women and children around the world caused by lack of access to life-saving commodities. With a strong focus on the reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) continuum of care, the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children (UNCoLSC), identified and endorsed an initial list of 13 life-saving commodities that, if more widely accessed and properly used, could save the lives of more than 6 million women and children.

As part of examining the current status and empowering Drug and Therapeutics Committees (DTCs) to continually monitor availability of priority RMNCH (UN life-saving) medicines, a baseline assessment was conducted July 27–31, 2015, at selected health facilities in Ethiopia. The information generated from this assessment is expected to help guide future interventions needed in relation to strengthening health facility DTCs to monitor and ensure availability of these life-saving medicines on a continuous basis.

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Strengthening Local Capacity to Establish or Improve Performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Getahun W., Berrada S., Joshi M.P., Mulongo R., Tuala Tuala R., Shongwe K., Ludman M., Bay N. Strengthening Local Capacity to Establish or Improve Performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Poster presented at the 75th International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) World Congress, Dusseldorf, Germany, 29 September to 3 October 2015.

 

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