Tag Archives | Pakistan

Technical Report: Engaging Private Sector Pharmacies in Pakistan to Increase Early TB Case Detection

The SIAPS approach to engaging the retail pharmacy sector combines strategies in the access framework and recommendations from the WHO and International Pharmaceutical Federation joint statement in 2010, which strongly emphasized the importance of pharmacists’ contributions to different tasks essential for quality TB care. The key overarching strategy is to build broad stakeholder involvement that includes national programs (NTPs), professional associations, and private sector associations and to ensure the International Standards of TB Care are integrated into private sector. At the core of access is the need to provide medicines and services that are safe, efficacious, cost-effective, and of high quality. Availability is only one aspect of ensuring access to medicines—equally important are accessibility, several studies cite private sector providers as geographically accessible and convenient; affordability, that is price and ability to pay, which perhaps remain the greatest barriers to access TB services in the private sector; and acceptability, which concerns cultural and personal preferences.

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Barriers and Opportunities to Effectively Engage Private Sector Retail Pharmacies as DOTS Centers in Pakistan

As part of an ongoing pilot project to engage about 500 private retail pharmacies in six cities of Pakistan (Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar, Karachi, and Sukkur) in the early detection and referral of tuberculosis (TB) cases, stakeholders in the National TB Program (NTP) have discussed the potential of pharmacies providing DOTS to clients. The present study was designed to evaluate the knowledge, perceptions, dispensing practices, case management, and adherence to standard NTP guidelines by dispensers, and the pattern of TB medicine sales by volume, brand, and price at community pharmacies.

 

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Engaging Private Sector Pharmacies in Pakistan to Increase Early TB Case Detection

A 2010 prevalence survey in Pakistan showed that the rate of bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary TB among the adult population is very high. Case detection is important for TB control, allowing service providers to identify sources of infection and treat them to break the chain of infection in a community. For this reason, low TB case […]

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Harnessing the Potential of Pharmacists for TB Prevention and Care in Pakistan

“Health care is not about what doctors and nurses do in hospitals…there are a range of different stakeholders that need to play their parts.” This comment by key note speaker Dr. Sania Nishtar at the “Engaging Pharmacists in TB Care and Control in Pakistan” stakeholders’ meeting this week in Islamabad, Pakistan, highlighted the importance of […]

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