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Maputo Provincial Hospital DTC Training: Technical Report

The Systems for Improving Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program Mozambique has been working with DFH and partners in the pharmaceutical sector and in priority health programs to assist pharmaceutical services in improving the availability of pharmaceutical products and appropriate use at the service delivery points with the aim of achieving desired health outcomes. SIAPS technically assists hospitals to create DTCs to improve medicine use, as well as the collection and analysis of medicine use information for decision-making as part of its support to its counterparts in the pharmaceutical sector.

In August 2013, SIAPS supported the DFH to conduct a two-day DTC orientation workshop. This orientation covered the DTC’s main functions, roles, and responsibilities, as well as how to monitor and identify medicine use problems, and to implement interventions and strategies, including use of standard treatment guidelines (STGs) and essential medicine list, to improve medicine use. During the workshop, the participants presented the status of their hospital DTC, and reviewed Mozambique’s current official DTC’s terms of reference (TOR) and made recommendations for additions and modifications. In addition, with SIAPS technical guidance, the participants conducted a brief study on prescribing indicators in a clinic in Maputo. The study found that more than 60% of patient encounters received an antibiotic. This orientation was attended by 49 health professionals, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, laboratory technicians, and hospital administrators from the 11 hospital DTCs, the Ministry of Health (MOH), and nongovernmental organizations that support clinical services and supply chain operation.

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Strengthening Local Capacity to Establish or Improve Performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Getahun W., Berrada S., Joshi M.P., Mulongo R., Tuala Tuala R., Shongwe K., Ludman M., Bay N. Strengthening Local Capacity to Establish or Improve Performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Poster presented at the 75th International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) World Congress, Dusseldorf, Germany, 29 September to 3 October 2015.

 

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Mozambique Drug and Therapeutics Committee Workshop and Field Activities

The irrational use of medicines is a pervasive problem that threatens healthcare systems and quality of patient care in countries worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 50% of patients receive unnecessary medicines and half of patients take their medicines incorrectly.

Irrational use behaviors include polypharmacy (the use of too many medicines per patient); the use of incorrect medicine(s) for a particular indication; the use of medicines with uncertain or unproven efficacy; inappropriate self-medication, particularly with prescription-only medicines; and taking medicines in incorrect dosages or for an improper duration.

To counter the problems of irrational use, Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program and Ministério da Saúde (MISAU) (Ministry of Health) are working together in Mozambique to improve medicine management and use. SIAPS is seeking to create sustainable Drug and Therapeutics Committees (DTCs) to monitor and identify medicine use problems and to implement interventions to improve medicine use at the local health-facility level. SIAPS will also support the revision of the National Essential Medicines List (NEML) and development of new standard treatment guidelines (STGs) to complement those that are currently available.

This technical report provides information on the DTC workshop conducted on August 4-5, 2014, and on field visits to two hospitals in the Maputo area: Maputo Central Hospital and Matola Provincial Hospital. These field visits were designed to meet with hospital officials and DTCs, as well as to develop specific DTC activities to address medicine use problems.

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