Tag Archives | Human Resource Management

Guidance for Planning the Introduction of New Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Medicines and Supplies

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to program managers in ministries of health at national and sub-national levels as well as personnel in other interested organizations on actions to take and factors to consider when expanding access to essential RMNCH commodities. While this document focuses on RMNCH medicines and supplies, it may be used as a guiding document and planning tool for other essential medicines and supplies. This guide addresses several pharmaceutical management issues (pharmaceutical policies, effective medicine management, strengthening regulatory systems, information needs, and product quality and safety practices) that are often overlooked when considering the introduction of new products. The systems strengthening approach described in this document focuses on governance, human resources, information systems, financing, and service delivery, with the provision of medical products cutting across these sub-systems. The goal of this guidance document is to assist managers to systematically plan for the successful introduction of new medicines and supplies by harmonizing and aligning efforts among all stakeholders involved in the process.

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Post-Qualification Monitoring and Evaluation of Pharmacist Assistants Trained at the National Health Training Centre in Namibia

Namibia has a decentralized public health system with 14 administrative regions. It is challenged by a dual burden of HIV and AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) as well as by the persistent shortage of pharmaceutical personnel. Well-trained pharmacist assistants (PA) are central to ensuring that the correct medicines are available in sufficient quantities as well as for counseling patients on the proper use of medicines and monitoring patients’ adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and other treatments. The National Health Training Centre (NHTC) has conducted this first formal workplace assessment of PAs who have graduated from the institution since 2007 in response to support from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) for a series of systematic interventions to strengthen the capacity and quality of PA training. Broadly, the USAID-funded SIAPS program supported the NHTC to conduct a tracer study to inform strategies for improving the PA training program and its reaccreditation by the Namibia Qualifications Authority (NQA). Specifically, the study assessed: the proportion of NHTC PA graduates who are working in a PA role; the PAs’ satisfaction with the training they received at the NHTC; employers’/supervisors’ satisfaction with the PAs’ services; and strengths and weaknesses of the PA training program. Stakeholders’ recommendations for improving the PA training program were also obtained.

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SIAPS Supply Chain Management Training: Report

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)’s Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) program, implemented by Management Sciences for Health, and its predecessor programs have provided technical assistance (TA) support to strengthen public health pharmaceutical management systems in countries around the world for about a decade and a half.

A significant proportion of SIAPS TA support to countries is for strengthening health supply chains for HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), malaria, and maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) programs. The TA support involves developing and implementing appropriate country or regional strategies and interventions to close gaps and bottlenecks in key supply chain functional areas––quantification, procurement, warehouse (storage) and distribution management, inventory management, logistics management information systems (LMIS), transportation, and waste management. Through this effort, SIAPS has contributed to improvements in supply chain operations, responsiveness, and effectiveness, thus ensuring availability to patients of essential health commodities.

Human resource capacity development is critical to SIAPS mission. SIAPS would like to enhance supply chain staff capability in areas such as framing supply chain strategies, developing, implementing and applying appropriate key performance indicators to monitor effectiveness of tailored TA approaches and interventions for addressing gaps in various supply chain functional areas.

To this end, SIAPS conducted a three-day supply chain management capacity development workshop for its technical staff involved in supply chain efforts.

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Technical Assistance to Strengthen the Angola Central Medical Warehouse System

The US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded program, Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS), implemented by Management Sciences for Health (MSH), has been providing technical assistance to the Angola Ministry of Health (MOH) to improve pharmaceutical management since 2011. An analysis of the Angolan public health supply chain system conducted in November/December 2012 found that the Central Procurement Agency for Medicines and Medical Supplies (Central de Compras de Medicamentos e Meios Medicos de Angola—CECOMA) needed to improve its warehouse management processes, update its procedures, review and improve its human resource capacity development strategies as well as develop and implement key performance indicators (KPI). The resulting report included short- and long-term recommendations and a high-level implementation plan.

The purpose of this activity was to design and implement warehouse operations system improvements for CECOMA, and to design and implement a human resource capability development and performance improvement (HRCD&PI) program based on the identified gaps.

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February 2015 SIAPS/SCMS/BLC Newsletter

In this issue:

  • Namibia transitions to a once-a-day antiretroviral pill
  • Pharmaceutical human resources development for the sustained provision of quality antiretroviral treatment at health facilities in Namibia
  • Developing caregiver skills for the improved care and support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC)
  • Monitoring site-level trends in HIV Drug Resistance Early Warning Indicators among children on treatment
  • SIAPS and SCMS participate in joint pharmaceutical management supportive supervision visits of ART sites
  • ART site improvement through monitoring system (SIMS) assessment in the Kavango and Zambezi Regions
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Rapport Synthèse de L’atelier de Révision de la Politique Pharmaceutique Nationale

Rapport Synthèse de L’atelier de Révision de la Politique Pharmaceutique Nationale
Kindia, du 23 au 25 Août 2013

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Pharmaceutical System Strengthening Interventions to Improve Access to Antiretroviral Therapy

The world’s response to the AIDS pandemic of dramatically increased financial assistance to provide affordable medicines for HIV and AIDS did not automatically lead to access to antiretrovirals (ARVs). The effectiveness of these multimillion dollar initiatives was recognized to be limited by the capacity of the health care and pharmaceutical supply systems to deliver these lifesaving medicines. Constraints to improving access to ARVs included inadequate capacity in clinics and hospitals that provide antiretroviral therapy (ART); inadequate pharmaceutical planning and information systems; and an inefficient supply chain.

A holistic approach to access looks beyond product availability and price to include other essential components, such as the availability of quality pharmaceutical services and the ability of the patient to benefit from both products and services that support the safe, effective, and appropriate use of the medicines.

Countries have stepped up to meet this challenge. This paper illustrates pharmaceutical systems’ strengthening interventions and their impact on improving access to ARVs and related services as well as continuing challenges and some recommendations.

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Improving the Professional Registration Process of Pharmacy Personnel through Streamlining the Assessment Framework, Methods, and Tools in Namibia

Namibia faces a shortage of pharmaceutical personnel. The increased burden that HIV and AIDS has placed on national health systems in general has made this burden even more severe. USAID-funded SIAPS conducted a preliminary assessment to evaluate the screening system and processes in use for pharmaceutical practitioners concerning legal recognition to practice in Namibia. This was also conducted to advise the Pharmacy Council of Namibia (PCN) on improvements that can be made to the screening process for the pharmacy practitioner competency assessment and registration/licensure process. The goal is to make more pharmacists, technicians, and pharmacists’ assistants (PAs) available to provide appropriate pharmaceutical care services in general and make antiretroviral therapy (ART) in particular more accessible to patients, especially in rural settings.

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Promising Practices in Supply Chain Management

This series of briefs, commissioned by the Supply and Awareness Technical Reference Team (TRT) of the United Nations Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women’s and Children’s Health (UNColSC), aims to share some of the promising practices and tested solutions from Every Women Every Child (EWEC) countries. The promising practices in these briefs provide ministries of health and their partners with specific guidance on ways in which other EWEC countries have addressed specific supply chain barriers and challenges. Although the focus of this series is on improving access to the 13 life-saving commodities identified by the Commission, the Supply and Awareness TRT has adopted a holistic approach to in-country supply chain strengthening. A strong supply chain design, as illustrated in the examples and case studies included in this document, supports the availability of all commodities, including the priority commodities named by the Commission.

This series of briefs focuses on five key domains and two cross-cutting areas, documenting more than 30 proven or promising practices and related case studies.

Series Overview

  1. Quantification
  2. Procurement
  3. Warehousing
  4. Distribution
  5. Service Delivery and Utilization
  6. Data Management
  7. Human Resources
  8. Proven Practices
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Swaziland Pharmaceutical Strategic Plan (2012-2016): Baseline Survey

Swaziland’s Ministry of Health has published its Pharmaceutical Strategic Plan, 2012-2016, serving as a roadmap for the revised national pharmaceutical policy. This report is intended to facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of implementation of the Strategic Plan. The report is a reflection of characteristics of the pharmaceutical sector in 2012.

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