Tag Archives | Assessment

Strengthening the Supply Chain Governance Framework for Pharmaceuticals and Health Products in the Philippines

The Department of Health (DOH) is ultimately responsible and accountable for ensuring that Filipinos have access to quality health services. An effective supply chain is essential for DOH to ensure that lifesaving health products are available, accessible, and effectively used for clients.  Recently, the DOH has shown its commitment by creating the Supply Chain Management Unit (SCMU) in March 2016. SIAPS conducted a thorough desk review of previous assessments and DOH’s various internal SCM policies. SIAPS also helped coordinate meetings with various DOH offices to identify and validate current experiences in SCM and to obtain recommendations to strengthen SCM governance of DOH.

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Assessment of the Neglected Tropical Diseases Pharmaceutical Management System in Senegal

Supply chain constraints plague current neglected tropical disease (NTD) prevention and treatment programs. The rapid expansion of NTD control activities has not been without pharmaceutical and health system challenges. Inadequate NTD drug management in many countries has resulted in excess stocks, leading to waste resulting from drug expiry or stock-outs, leading to treatment interruption. SIAPS has received funding from USAID to support the Senegal MoH in strengthening the systems for NTD pharmaceutical management. The purpose of the technical assistance is to undertake a rapid assessment of the NTD pharmaceutical management system and understand the integration efforts. Technical review and recommendations have been provided by SIAPS personnel based in the SIAPS West Africa Offices and the office in Arlington, Virginia. SIAPS held meetings with the MoH NTD focal points and supply chain managers to ensure efficient delivery of technical support to the NTD programs, cross fertilization, sharing of lessons learned, challenges, and recommendations and to ensure that the implemented interventions are of the highest technical quality that focuses on country objectives.

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Challenges to Ensuring Adequate and Timely Funding for MNCH Commodities

As countries pursue the maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) targets established under Sustainable Development Goal 3, they will need to ensure the continuous availability of essential health commodities to prevent and treat the conditions that cause morbidity and mortality in those groups. Since the report of the United Nations Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children (UNCoLSC) was published in 2012, much progress has been made to highlight the challenges countries face in ensuring access to essential commodities and to create resources to overcome these challenges. A major issue yet to be adequately addressed is financing for these life-saving commodities. SIAPS mapped the budget allocation, approval, disbursement, and reporting processes in the public sector for essential MNCH commodities in four countries—
Bangladesh, Kenya, Nepal, and Uganda—to inform the development of strategies and
interventions that will improve access to these commodities.

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Assessing Sub-National Procurement Practices of Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Commodities in Kenya

The SIAPS Program works at both the global and country levels to improve pharmaceutical management systems that increase access to quality medicines. SIAPS has developed a methodology to assess sub-national procurement practices. This methodology was used in Kenya to assess county-level procurement practices for essential maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) commodities and to study the availability of essential MNCH commodities. The information gathered was used to generate recommendations to strengthen local procurement practices and overall procurement strategies.

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Pediatric Antiretroviral Treatment Uptake, Treatment Adherence, Regimen Switches, and Retention in Care in Namibia

In Namibia, a preliminary review of EDT records suggests that children form a small proportion of the patients accessing ART in any given setting, nationally composing 8% of the patients on ART in the MoHSS facilities. Over the years, managing children has been complicated with formulations that have not been friendly for children, complicated regimens, and occasional stock-outs of pediatric ARVs. These challenges may increase the number of children that might receive suboptimal care, including delayed or no interventions in face of poor adherence, ultimately leading to suboptimal response to treatment. This can then increase the risk of HIV drug resistance and leads to short survival of HIV-infected children. Findings from this assessment will provide much needed evidence on trends in pediatric HIV treatment uptake, levels of adherence, and retention among those on treatment. Ultimately, the evidence generated will support MoHSS policy makers and leaders in modifying and strengthening interventions aimed at enhancing treatment uptake, adherence, retention, and viral load suppression among HIV-infected children in Namibia.

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Factors Associated With First-Line to Second-Line ART Regimen Switching Identified in the APMR Data Systems in Swaziland

In Swaziland, many observations have revealed that approaches to using the patient and logistics data from the Antiretroviral Therapy Patient Monitoring and Reporting (APMR) and RxSolution data systems were not always comparable, and results of data analysis from these electronic systems have not been adequately incorporated into decision-making processes. To bridge such gaps, a capacity-building initiative was started to ensure adequate training and demonstration of how the data in these electronic systems could be used for targeted programmatic data analysis and research to improve decision making. Through engagements with the MOH, a joint decision was made to study the factors associated with switching regimens from first-line to second-line ART that were identified in the APMR data management systems.

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Strengthening TB Pharmaceutical Management in Region IV-A Through Partnership and Capacity Building

In the Philippines, tuberculosis (TB) is the sixth leading cause of death, mostly affecting the poor and vulnerable populations. Stock-outs of TB medicines in public health facilities compromise treatment of patients with TB because of limited access and additional burden of out-of-pocket expenses for medicines. As part of the improvement of the overall supply chain of the TB program, SIAPS has been working with the Department of Health central office with focus on quantification, procurement, storage, distribution, and pharmacovigilance. In addition, the National TB Control Program (NTP) requested SIAPS to develop an action-oriented practical guide for TB pharmaceutical management.

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Report on Routine Supportive Supervision Visits to Health Facilities in the Hhohho and Lubombo Regions, Swaziland

Since October 2015, SIAPS has been supporting hospitals, health centers, and high volume clinics at the request of regional implementing partners in the Hhohho and Lubombo regions. This report documents the support that facilities have received, progress made, and recommendations for future support.

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Outcome of Auditable Pharmaceutical Transactions and Services Implementation: Assessment Report

This report presents results of the assessment on implementation of Auditable Pharmaceutical Transaction and Services (APTS), a package of interventions designed to improve the quality of pharmaceutical services at public health facilities. The development and implementation of this intervention has been supported by the SIAPS program, which is implemented by Management Sciences for Health (MSH) with funding from United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The project is implemented in close collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), regional health bureaus (RHBs), and the respective health facilities.

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Pharmacovigilance Monitoring System Readiness Assessment, Philippine Department of Health

SIAPS, in partnership with the FDA, NTP, and LCP-NCPR, conducted a readiness assessment to determine the current information technology (IT) infrastructure, human resources, processes, and data management and quality control mechanisms available and to identify gaps in the current PV recording and reporting of patients in the seven Programmatic Management of Drug-Resistant TB (PMDT) treatment facilities implementing the 9MTR for multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB study. The results of this assessment will provide inputs for developing the PViMS implementation plan.

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