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Implementing QuanTB to Improve Forecasting, Supply Planning, and Early Warning Systems for TB Medicines: Tanzania Report

SIAPS conducted a review of its TB technical assistance and the QuanTB implementation in Tanzania. Specific objectives were to determine:

  • Key achievements or results of SIAPS QuanTB technical assistance in Tanzania
  • Experiences and perspectives of the beneficiaries from the NTLP
  • Challenges and lessons learned

This report summarizes key aspects and results of the analysis for Tanzania.

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Engaging Private-Sector Drug Dispensers to Improve Tuberculosis Control

To assess the readiness and willingness of retail drug dispensers in the private sector to participate in TB case detection, SIAPS conducted a baseline survey among pharmacies and accredited drug dispensing outlets (ADDOs) in the regions of Morogoro and Dar es Salaam. Drug dispensers in 122 pharmacies and 173 ADDOs were surveyed to assess TB knowledge and practices, and to inform the development of appropriate interventions to address gaps.

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Engaging Private Retail Drug Outlets in Early TB Case Finding in Tanzania: Final Report

The engagement of all care providers in tuberculosis (TB) case finding is an essential element of the 2009–2016 Strategic Plan of the Tanzania National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Programme (NTLP). This is in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Stop TB Partnership recommendation for public-private mix (PPM) to support DOTS implementation, and supports the NTLP’s goal of decreasing TB-related morbidity and mortality in the country.

With funding from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) program, the NTLP piloted an intervention designed to increase early TB case detection through the engagement of the retail pharmaceutical sector in identifying and referring persons with presumptive TB for assessment. The pilot was conducted between August 2011 and December 2013 in pharmacies in Dar es Salaam, an urban setting, and accredited drug dispensing outlets (ADDOs) in Morogoro, a rural setting. This report describes the key activities that were conducted, as well as the challenges and accomplishments of the pilot project.

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Assessment of Supply Chain Management Systems for Neglected Tropical Disease Drugs in Cameroon, Mali, Tanzania, and Uganda

The rapid expansion of neglected tropical diseases (NTD) control activities has brought about pharmaceutical and health system challenges. In most countries, the Ministry of Health (MoH) is responsible for the administration and operation of medicines supply and distribution and for providing district health administrations with funding from the national level. District health care responsibilities are to implement the national NTD policy, plan and manage mass drug administrations (MDAs), and oversee community administration of the NTD control programs. The purpose of assessing the pharmaceutical management and supply chain management (SCM) of NTD control programs for Cameroon, Mali, Tanzania, and Uganda was to learn about the programs, identify the gaps within their pharmaceutical management, and make recommendations for strengthening the system.

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Engaging the Private Sector to Improve Antimicrobial Use in the Community: Experience from Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets in Tanzania

Valimba R, Liana J, Joshi MP, Rutta E, Embrey M, Bundala M, Kibassa B. Engaging the Private Sector to Improve Antimicrobial Use in the Community: Experience from Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets in Tanzania. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice. 2014; 7(1):11.

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Understanding Private Retail Drug Outlet Dispenser Knowledge and Practices in Tuberculosis Care in Tanzania

Rutta E, Tarimo A, Delmotte E, James I, Mwakisu S, Kasembe D, et al. Understanding private retail drug outlet dispenser knowledge and practices in tuberculosis care in Tanzania. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2014;18(9):1108-13.

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Engaging the Private Retail Pharmaceutical Sector in TB Case Finding in Tanzania: Pilot Dissemination Meeting Report

In many parts of the world, private drug shops are one of the first places people seek care for illnesses; they may also be a key partner in controlling tuberculosis (TB). With targeted training and a formal referral system, shop dispensers have the potential to identify clients with TB symptoms and refer them to diagnostic centers for evaluation. The quicker people are diagnosed and started on quality treatment, the less time they spend sick and able to spread TB to others. The USAID-funded SIAPS project partnered with the Tanzanian National TB Program to pilot a training and referral program in two regions of Tanzania; the meeting report available here describes the approach, activities, and results. In the course of 16 months, participating drug shops referred 587 clients with TB-like symptoms to diagnostic and treatment centers, resulting in 81 people being diagnosed with TB. The meeting report highlights lessons learned, as well as opportunities to scale-up this work in the future.

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Pharmacists, drug sellers, and pharmacy associations: Key players in the fight against TB

Reposted from MSH at the Union World Conference on Lung Health 2013. While the National Tuberculosis Programs (NTP) of most countries offer free diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis (TB), many people worldwide first seek care from other providers, such as physicians in the private sector, pharmacists, or informal drug sellers. Partnerships between NTPs and providers […]

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Strengthening Strategies and Collaboration for Improved Management of TB Medicines

“If we don’t have drugs, we don’t have programs,” Dr. Angélica Salomão of the World Health Organization Africa Region said, summing up the motivation behind the 2nd Africa TB Regional Conference on Management of TB Medicines. From December 5-7, 2012 representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO), National Tuberculosis Programs (NTP), global TB partners and […]

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Technical Assistance to the Public– Private Mix for TB Case Management in Tanzania


The SIAPS team will conduct a workshop to disseminate the findings of the baseline assessment on the knowledge and practice of TB management in pharmacies and ADDOs. The workshop will also review training materials and adapted tools aimed at enhancing private sector engagement in early TB case detection in Tanzania.

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