Archive | Antimicrobial Resistance

RSS feed for this section

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Stronger Health Systems

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the world’s most pressing and urgent global health threats —one that could erode gains against tuberculosis (TB), malaria, HIV/AIDS, and many other infectious diseases. While AMR has emerged as a critical issue at the global level, current efforts to address AMR are insufficient to curb its spread. Immediate, cross-cutting, and multidisciplinary action is required to adequately address the multidimensional drivers of AMR. In the health sector, strengthening the systems through which health services and medicines are provided is a prerequisite to making progress against AMR. This technical brief discusses how SIAPS is working to address AMR through a health system strengthening approach with interventions spanning the global, regional, national, and local levels.

Read full story · Comments are closed

The Antimicrobial Resistance Challenge: No Room for Complacency

SIAPS is presenting a new webinar, “The Antimicrobial Resistance Challenge: No Room for Complacency”, on Thursday, November 9, at 1:00 pm EST. The recently published guide on building strong coalitions to defeat AMR is available here.  

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Inventory of Key USAID and Global AMR-related System Strengthening Resources/Interventions

This inventory is a selected list of resources and interventions that support antimicrobial resistance (AMR) containment. The objective of this inventory is to provide a list of key resources, tools, and interventions that create or strengthen systems that are necessary to improve antimicrobial use and AMR containment. Along with the full references, links are provided directly to the documents or to sites from where the documents can be downloaded. The intention is to periodically update the inventory as new resources, tools, and evidence-based interventions become available.

Read full story · Comments are closed

Supporting drug and therapeutics committees in Sierra Leone to promote safe, appropriate medicine use

Irrational medicine use and poor pharmaceutical management at all levels are widespread problems in many developing countries, including Sierra Leone. Misuse, underuse, and overuse of medicines; weak systems that compromise medicine safety; the waste of scarce resources due to expiry; and the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are particularly worrying because they directly affect health outcomes. Because of a lack of sound data for decision making, health workers may need to select products for medicines lists, supply, and prescribing based on observation and preferences. SIAPS is facilitating the selection of appropriate, safe products to be procured and used at different levels of the public health system. Promoting rational medicine use cuts down on waste, improves health outcomes, and helps prevent the spread of AMR.

Read full story · Comments are closed

In the news: Capacity building to defeat AMR

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the world’s most pressing global health threats and could erode the progress made in the treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and many other infectious diseases. Although AMR occurs naturally, many interrelated factors, including excessive or inappropriate use of antibiotics, poor control practices, and infection prevention, contribute to its acceleration […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Strong Coalitions

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when microorganisms develop a resistance to a medicine that was originally intended to disable or kill them. While microbes naturally develop resistance to antimicrobials over time, AMR is accelerated by the overuse and misuse of antimicrobial medicines and non-adherence to treatment regimens. AMR jeopardizes the effectiveness of complex surgeries and procedures […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }

Building Coalitions for Containing Antimicrobial Resistance: A Guide

This guide aims to help individuals, organizations, and governments develop, establish, and maintain effective multidisciplinary and multisectoral coalitions to combat AMR. This document provides guidance on building and strengthening coalitions to combat AMR through five key elements. It primarily focuses on the creation and establishment of new coalitions; however, these elements are relevant throughout the lifespan of a coalition, and revisiting each periodically may be important as coalitions grow and evolve, expand in scope or wane and need to be revitalized. In addition, the elements of coalition building may not necessarily occur in strict sequential order. Depending on the context and existing systems in place, coalitions may be able to use situational analyses that have already been conducted or utilize an existing active network. In each setting, it is important to understand the needs of the coalition and focus on the elements of this guide that align best with those needs.

Read full story · Comments are closed

Using Electronic Pharmacy Dispensing Data for Surveillance of Outpatient Antibiotic Consumption and Monitoring of Antibiotic Prescribing Practices at District and Provincial Hospitals in the South African Public Sector

The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using electronic pharmacy dispensing data extracted from RxSolution® for the surveillance of outpatient (ambulatory) antibiotic consumption and monitor antibiotic prescribing practices at district and provincial hospitals in public health facilities in North West Province, South Africa, between April 2013 and March 2015. This was an exploratory project to develop hypotheses on the volume of antibiotics used and prescribing patterns.

Read full story · Comments are closed

Technical Program Update: Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Stronger Health Systems

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the world’s most pressing and urgent global health threats— one that could erode the current progress against tuberculosis (TB), malaria, HIV/AIDS, and many other infectious diseases. AMR poses an enormous threat to the safety and feasibility of complex surgeries and procedures like organ transplantation and chemotherapy, but could also make childbirth, minor infections, and hospital stays more perilous. While AMR has emerged as a critical issue at the global level, current efforts to address AMR are insufficient to curb its spread. Immediate, cross-cutting, and multidisciplinary action is required to adequately address the multidimensional drivers of AMR. In the health sector, strengthening the systems through which health services and medicines are provided is a prerequisite to making progress against AMR.

This technical program update discusses how the Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program, funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID), is working to address AMR through a health system strengthening approach with interventions spanning the global, regional, national, and local levels.

Read full story · Comments are closed

Every Breath Counts: Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems for Better Health Outcomes with Pneumonia

By Jane Briggs, Principal Technical Advisor More than 900,000 children die of pneumonia each year (more than malaria, measles, and HIV/AIDS combined), according to the World Health Organization. Many of these cases go undiagnosed and untreated. How can this be when we know what works? A five-day, twice-daily amoxicillin regimen—in either dispersible tablet (DT) or oral […]

Read full story · Comments { 0 }