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Institutionalizing Robust Quantification Processes and Tools within Guinea’s National Malaria Control Program

By Claude Bahati, Deputy Country Project Director, SIAPS, Guinea Accurate quantification for malaria programs, which involves forecasting the quantities needed and planning for the procurement of appropriate pharmaceuticals and supplies, is essential to ensuring that patients receive a continuous supply of commodities. The US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals […]

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Rapport de quantification des intrants antipaludiques, 2016 – 2021

Pour informer le Ministère de la santé (MS) de la Guinée des besoins du pays et assurer un approvisionnement suffisant en produits antipaludiques, il est essentiel de développer des prévisions précises et reproductibles et un plan d’approvisionnements pour les besoins futurs. A cette fin, le groupe technique – gestion des achats et des stocks (GT-GAS), composé d’acteurs clés venant du Programme national de lutte contre le paludisme (PNLP), de la Pharmacie centrale de la Guinée (PCG), de la Direction nationale de la pharmacie et du médicament (DNPM), de l’Instance de coordination nationale (ICN), de la United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – Guinée, de Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceutical and Services (SIAPS) et de Catholic Relief Services (CRS), a tenu un atelier de 10 jours pour produire des prévisions de besoins en intrants antipaludiques sur 5 ans et un plan d’approvisionnements sur 3 ans.

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SIAPS Gathers Health Leaders for Strategy Meeting in Angola; Trains Health Staff on Quantimed

By Stacy Lu, SIAPS Technical Writer Based on USAID/Angola’s Gindungo Newsletter by Paul McDermott, Acting USAID/Angola Mission Director, and Gastao Figueiredo, Editor The Angolan Central Procurement Agency for Medicines and Medical Supplies (CECOMA) has developed a draft strategy to reform and strengthen the country’s pharmaceuticals system. CECOMA developed the strategy during a hree-day workshop in June […]

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Quantification of Family Planning Commodities for April 2016 to March 2019, Swaziland

A family planning quantification exercise was conducted with technical assistance from SIAPS and participation of all major stakeholders. The objective was to produce a forecast and supply plan for the period April 2016–March 2019. The results of this quantification exercise will be used to plan, mobilize, and secure financial resources for the quantification period. The quantification exercise results will assist in establishing the quantities of commodities to be procured in each quarter. Two forecasting methods—demographic/morbidity and consumption—were employed for this exercise, with the demographic/morbidity method as the main method. The demographic/morbidity method was used for all FP commodities except condoms and emergency contraceptive oral pills. Forecast requirements were established for the nation, public sector, and private sector. However, procurement requirements were established for the public sector only. The quantification included requirements for male condoms for the prevention of STIs, including HIV, in addition to FP.

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Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services: Malaria Quarterly Update – January—March 2016

Working closely with the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) in both Washington and PMI- focus countries, the US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program aims to ensure the availability of quality pharmaceutical products and effective pharmaceutical services in support of PMI objectives. To this end, and based on the PMI’s priorities, SIAPS endeavors to improve pharmaceutical governance, build capacity to manage malaria products while addressing the information needed for managing them, strengthen financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to malaria medicines, and improve the quality of pharmaceutical services provided to malaria patients.

The SIAPS technical approach emphasizes health systems strengthening with a special focus on improving metrics, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), developing the capacity of local governments and organizations, and increasing country ownership. Through this approach, SIAPS aims to promote the availability and use of malaria products, including artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), rapid diagnostic tests (RDT), and medicines for severe malaria. At the country level, SIAPS collaborates with national malaria control programs and Central Medical Stores (CMS) to develop and implement strategies to strengthen pharmaceutical management to prevent and improve case management of malaria. Areas supported by SIAPS include: training; quantification; strengthening supply chain systems, including logistics management information; community and malaria case management; rational use; and medication safety. SIAPS works to strengthen malaria pharmaceutical management at the national level in Angola, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and South Sudan. In addition, SIAPS provides regional support in Latin America.

This report describes the major activities that SIAPS conducted at the global level and in each of the countries and region mentioned above between January and March 2016.

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Rapport de Quantification des produits de la planification familiale pour la période de 2015 à 2018

L’exercice de quantification de 2014 pour les produits de la PF a été fait sur la base 20,1% de PC en 2018 selon le plan d’action PF et les résultats ont montré une surévaluation des besoins du pays. La quantification de 2015 a été menée dans un contexte d’harmonisation de l’objectif du plan d’action PF avec celui du plan stratégique de Santé de la Reproduction (SR). Tous ces deux documents de référence retiennent 15% comme PC en 2018.

L’exercice de quantification de 2015 a aussi été réalisé avec l’assistance technique et financière de l’USAID | SIAPS (Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services) et la participation de tous les principaux intervenants sous la coordination de la DPM, dans le but de produire des besoins prévisionnels et un plan d’approvisionnement pour la période 2015 à 2018.

Les résultats de cet exercice de quantification seront utilisés dans la planification pour mobiliser et obtenir des ressources financières pour la période de quantification. La méthode de prévision utilisée est celle basée sur des données démographique et morbidité. Des besoins ont été estimés pour l’ensemble du pays (secteur public et marketing social) et le plan d’approvisionnement a été élaboré pour chaque secteur.

Les résultats de la quantification par la méthode de morbidité obtenus en utilisant le scenario 1, ont été validés et retenus le 7 octobre 2015 par le Comité Technique de Coordination et de Suivi de la Gestion des Médicaments Essentiels.

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Rapport de Quantification des Antirétroviraux: Période Octobre 2014 à Décembre 2017

Au Mali, l’objectif de la Politique pharmaceutique nationale est de garantir un accès équitable aux médicaments essentiels de qualité aux populations et promouvoir leur usage rationnel. Dans ce contexte, la disponibilité des intrants pour la prévention et la prise en charge de l’infection à VIH est une composante essentielle des stratégies globales de lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA préconisée et adoptée par la Cellule Sectorielle de Lutte contre le SIDA (CSLS).

La quantification, composante du cycle de gestion des médicaments, est le processus qui permet l’estimation de la quantité nécessaire d’un produit pour satisfaire les besoins d’approvisionnement. Elle permet d’estimer les quantités requises, le financement nécessaire pour son achat et le calendrier de livraison (plan d’approvisionnement) afin de garantir un approvisionnement continu au sein d’un programme de santé donné.

Par décision N° 2013-1592 MS-SG du 27/12/2013, le Ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène publique a mis en place un Comité Technique de Coordination et de Suivi de la Gestion des Médicaments Essentiels regroupant tous les intervenants du secteur pharmaceutique. Ce comité a en son sein un sous-comité chargé de la quantification avec des groupes de travail par programme de santé.

Le sous-comité de quantification se réunit annuellement pour l’expression des besoins et semestriellement pour la révision des besoins et la mise à jour des plans d’approvisionnement. Les résultats des travaux de ce sous-comité de quantification sont soumis au comité national de coordination pour validation.
Au Mali, l’estimation des besoins en produits pharmaceutiques représente un défi, au regard des contraintes qui sont:

  • les difficultés de remontée de données de consommation,
  • l’insuffisance dans le respect des directives de prise en charge, et
  • le besoin de formation du personnel chargé de la prise en charge des bénéficiaires et de la gestion des intrants.

Pour parvenir à une estimation rationnelle des besoins en produits de santé, la Direction de la Pharmacie et du Médicament (DPM) en coordination avec le CSLS, avec l’appui technique et financier du programme des systèmes pour l’amélioration de l’accès aux produits et services pharmaceutiques (SIAPS par son sigle anglais) implémenté par MSH, a organisé l’atelier de quantification pour les intrants de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA en décembre 2014.

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Quantification of Health Commodities: RMNCH Supplement

This guide will assist program managers, service providers, and technical experts when conducting a quantification of commodity needs for the 13 reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health commodities prioritized by the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children.

These 13 commodities have diverse characteristics: some are new products that are in the process of being introduced at scale and some are products that have been in use for many years but are under-used or not available when needed or in the recommended formulation. However, one commonality shared by all is the need to increase access to these commodities among the women and children who need or want them. A major component of access is availability and to ensure availability, accurate estimates of supply requirements are needed. At the global level, this information can inform both donors’ plans for procurement and manufacturers’ plans for production. At the national level, this information is also essential for budgeting, resource mobilization, and planning for procurement and supply chain operations.

Currently, accurate estimates of need are unavailable for many of the 13 commodities at either the global or national levels. Therefore, many of the Commission’s work plans have included activities related to collecting this information through market sizing or quantification exercises. The Commission’s 2012 report also notes that improved quantification efforts are needed as part of supply chain improvement. This guide provides practical guidance on estimating the quantities of supplies needed by programs as part of a national quantification exercise. While this guidance was developed primarily for public sector and NGO programs, the methodology presented could also be relevant for forecasting commodity needs for the private sector.

This is the updated version of the guide, published in January 2016. The original was published in 2014. 

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Stakeholders Meeting on the Use of HIV and AIDS Pharmaceutical Management Information for Faster Decision Making

Alerts about stock-outs of life-saving medicines for antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treating opportunistic infections have been issued in a number of countries in West Africa (WA). Eight countries in the region have not only reported stock-outs of critical medications, but have also demonstrated a lack of capacity to identify and address the underlying causes of stock-outs or to generate accurate and reliable data for decision making.

To provide effective long-term solutions, the US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) West Africa office requested that the Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program provide support to six countries in the WA region. Based on information collected from the rapid situational analyses in five countries, SIAPS developed a regional dashboard to serves as an early warning indicators system (EWS) for monitoring HIV and AIDS commodities to detect and minimize the risk of stock-outs in six focus countries.

On April 20-21, 2015, SIAPS and WAHO co-facilitated a regional stakeholders meeting for representatives of National AIDS Control Programs (NACP), managers of Central Medical Stores, and pharmaceutical commodity managers from the WA region, as well as representatives from other organizations operating in the region

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New course on good governance in the management of medicines now available

From the development of sound policies and legislation, to the selection, procurement, and distribution of medicines; governance issues permeate all levels of the pharmaceutical sector and heavily influence the availability and accessibility of medicines and other health commodities. The USAID-funded SIAPS project is pleased to announce the launch of a new course on USAID’s Global Health […]

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